Northern Rangelands Kenya

Community Conservancies play an increasingly important role in conservation in Kenya demonstrating how communities can benefit from conserving their land


The Northern Rangelands of Kenya is a 42,000 square kilometre area across northern and coastal Kenya, encompassing 39 community conservancies and their 18 ethnic groups.

A community conservancy is a community-based organisation created to support the management of community-owned land for the benefit of livelihoods. The Northern Rangelands community conservancies operate under the banner of the Northern Rangelands Trust.

Shifts in settlement and grazing patterns, rising human populations, and increasing climate variability have significantly reduced the productivity of the rangelands of northern Kenya in recent decades. In a region where livelihoods are inextricably linked to livestock and the land, this poses a major threat to both wildlife and people. Wildlife within the rangelands are also suffering; they face habitat loss, poaching, and conflict with humans over shared resources.

The Northern Rangelands Trust was therefore created in 2004 as an umbrella organisation which supports the Northern Rangeland communities. It aids them in governing their wild spaces; protecting their wildlife; managing sustainable businesses linked to conservation; spearheading peace efforts; and developing locally-led governance structures that complement traditional systems.

Furthermore, the Northern Rangelands engage in tourism; a powerful method of enabling local communities to see tangible benefits from wildlife and habitat conservation. Lodges, camps and adventure operators provide jobs to local people, and conservancies’ revenue from bed night and entry fees help to support core operations (such as ranger salaries and vehicle maintenance) and social community projects (such as education and health). There are currently five lodges operators in six NRT member conservancies

Wild Philanthropy fundraise for member conservancies and provide advice and guidance on management. We support a wide range of training, monitor performance, and work as an independent third party in support of conservancy partnerships with county and national government, investors and development partners.